Types of Thermodynamic Systems

Depending upon the boundary, there are three types of system. They are as follows:

1. Open system: The system which can exchange matter as well as energy with the surrounding is called open system. For example: Evaporation of water from beaker. Here, water vapour i.e., matter moves to the atmosphere and heat is absorbed by water from the surrounding.

2. Closed system: The system which can exchange only heat energy with the surrounding but not matter called closed system.  Example: Boiling of water in a closed vessel.

3. Insulated/isolated system: The system which can exchange neither matter nor energy with the surrounding is called isolated system. Example: Hot tea in thermos flask.

Different thermodynamic systems

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